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Wolfe vs. Montcalm

7 Years War

The War around the World.

Home | 7 Years War | Strategy | Marquis vs. James | Outcome and Bibliography

The 7 years War is known in America as the French and Indian War. Although significant battles took place in the North America, we cannot ignore the fact that the war was between the parent countries all ready established and well-known throghout the medieval world. The war was not just between Britain and France. This was like a world war without very powerful alliances.

   The Seven Years War was a big conflict involving Austria, England, France, Great Britian, Prusia and Sweden. The problem was mainly in Europe, India, and North america who believed in isolation. Sweden, Austria and France were allied to overpower Frederick the Great, the King of Prussia. Great Britain and France battle over control for North America, Caribeans, and India. The English finally overcame the French, but it cost the English Government a lot of money, nearly destroyed them. This led to the American Revolution, because the British started to highly tax the Americans. The French and Indian War helped to spark the French Revolution, which, in turn, helped spark the American Revolution. This is an example of the cause and effect action that has been taking place since the beginning of time.

   Before we can get into the Battle of Quebec at the Plains of Abraham, we must first analyse the series of events that actually caused this epic game of Stratego. The French and the British had both built forts to protect themselves from attacks from the other. The British were trying to trap the French in Canada and they tried to accomplish this goal by taking forts. The British and French had forts along the River that connected New York and Canada, as a result, these forts were used as a stage for most battles in the 7 Years War. The French tried to take forts to drive the British away.

1.The First significant strike was when the French took fort Oswego from the British in 1756

2.The French struck again in 1757 with an attack on Fort William Henry on the shores of Lake George in New York. Throghout many of these battles, the French had allied with the Indains to overcome the British. The French had outnumbered the British 8,000 to 2,200. What took place after the surrender has come to be known as the Fort William Henry Massacre. The Indian allies of the French had killed almost 200 British that were leaving the fort as compensation for their fighting.

3. The most important event and even a turnig point in the war was the capture of Fort Louisburg in July 1758. This date marked the first positive British outcome in the 7 Years War. The British tried to prepare better for battle in 1758 after being devasted by losses to the French over and over again. General Amherst had a massive army of 13,200 with 21 battleships and 14 brigates with many other advantages (artillery train, 3 brigadiers). The point is, this is the largest army that has been used to date. The British dream was almost snatched away from them when they found that all the obvious landing places had been fortified. Some say that the British had the luck of the Irish, because they almost landed on one of the fortified shores of Fort Louisburg. Miraculously, 2 junor officers noticed a small rocky creek that the French had not fortified and landed there. The British sent all of their troops to this spot to land. There were too many British to defend themselves when the French had finally noticed what was happening.

4. The British gained another significant victory with the defeat of Fort Frontenac in August, 1758. This was such a great blow to the French, because it cut Montcalm's communication lines within Canada.

5. This brings us to the conclusive battle on the Plains of Abraham. After two devastating losses, the French's back was against the wall and they were hanging by a thread. On September 13, 1759 the French and British engaged in a brief battle on the Plains of Abraham which lasted only minutes. The French had retreated and were forced into Quebec City where the British took over and gained control of Quebec and opening up all of Canada.

Fort Louisburg

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